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Flamborough

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Flamborough

Flamborough  5 Miles from Bridlington

The massive peninsula of Flamborough is situated on the East coast of Yorkshire, England, and is approximately 5 miles from Bridlington. The peninsula forms one of the most impressive landscapes of this stretch of coastline. The headland extends into the wild North Sea by approximately 6 miles.

To the North spectacular Chalk cliffs stand proudly up to 400 feet high. They are home to one of the largest nesting sea bird colonies in England. To the East are sea caves, coves and stacks. Rocky outcrops reach out into the sea and have claimed many a passing ship in the past. To the South the cliffs become smaller, but look out across Bridlington Bay. It is possible to walk to or from Bridlington from the South Landing.

Flamborough has much to offer the rambler, historian, geologist, archaeologist, ornithologist, day-tripper and local. In the village are the fragmentary remains of Flamborough Castle, a medieval fortified manor house. The village has quaint pubs offering good food and drink. The headland is a peaceful place, full of interest and enjoyment, which can often be missed by the casual observer.

The "new" Flamborough lighthouse (actually built in 1806) stands guard as a silent sentinel, protecting shipping off Flamborough Head. Less silently, the fog horn station, perched on the very cliff, sounds the arrival of fog and frets.

The lighthouse was built by John Matson of Bridlington without the use of scaffolding, is 85 feet tall and stands atop a chalk cliff 170 feet high. The lamp mechanism rotates constantly on a bed of mercury. Further back from the coast is the old Beacon light tower, dating from circa 1674, and the only known example in England. Recent restoration work has cast doubt on whether a fire was ever actually lighted atop the structure. It now stands, a gleaming monument to the rightful awe in which mariners beheld the jagged, dangerous coast.

Flamborough Cliffs Nature Reserve, as part of Flamborough Head, is designated as a Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI), a Special Area of Conservation (SAC) and a Special Protection Area (SPA), and is also a part of the Flamborough Head Heritage Coast. Flamborough Head is the most northerly location at which you can find coastal chalk cliffs in the UK.

Algal and lichen communities found within the sea caves in the cliffs are one of the less known reasons for the sites international importance. 20% of Flamborough Head's breeding sea bird population can be found on the relatively short stretch of coastline of the Yorkshire Wildlife Trust reserve.

The best place to see puffins on the UK's mainland coast is at YWT's North Landing reserve. Huge colonies of guillemots, razorbills and kittiwakes are also visible from clifftop vantage points. Superb rockpools and sea caves are revealed at low tide at North landing and Thornwick Bay plus regular boat trips (pre-booking essential) to view seabirds close up and learn about the chalk cliffs, sea caves and underwater reefs. The cliffs above the beaches host a huge variety of chalkland plants and butterflies. In winter, barn owls, stoats and weasels can often be seen hunting in daylight, and gannets and fumars start to return to the Headland in January, so there's plenty to see.

Flamborough Cliffs is a spectacular reserve to visit at any time of year; the weather, sea and wildlife give you a different experience every trip. Whether you go there on a bright sunny day when the clear blue sea looks almost tropical and the sight, sounds and smell of thousands of nesting seabirds assaults your senses; or in winter with a raging sea echoing around the sea caves and a gale so strong you hardly dare walk close to the cliff top. These experiences are unrepeatable; you will not forget Flamborough Cliffs reserve easily.


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Flamborough

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